Egypt: Egypt Sustainable Transport and Digital Infrastructure Guarantee


Category B


USD200 million


March 1, 2023
July 26, 2023
September 22, 2023


Mobilization of private capital to support Egypt’s development of sustainable infrastructures in the areas of green transport and digital infrastructure through a Partial Debt Guarantee (PDG).


Egyptian government (GOE) is aiming to raise USD500 million equivalent CNY through a privately placed, three-year maturity, Sustainable-labeled bond by the end of 2023.

This guaranteed bond proceeds will enable Egypt to support four infrastructure projects in the transport and digital sector which are aligned with Paris Agreement carbon-emission reduction under Egypt’s Sovereign Sustainable Financing Framework (SSFF), namely:

  • the financing of the expansion of the fiber connection for households (FTTH project).
  • the rehabilitation of the tramway line 1 in Alexandria,
  • the rehabilitation of Cairo Metro Line 1,
  • the rehabilitation of Cairo Metro Line 2.

In addition, this Bond will diversify the GOE’s sources of financing. Due to the specificities and regulation of the market for CNY-denominated bond by foreign issuers for (also known as Panda bond market), a PDG is needed so it reaches an investment-grade rating. AIIB and AFDB aim to jointly provide a Partial Debt Guarantee for this Bond so it reaches this rating and successfully raise financing for the eligible sub-projects.

The proposed AIIB Partial Debt Guarantee (PDG) is up to USD 200 million equivalent in CNY, including bond proceeds and any accrued but unpaid interest.

AFDB will provide a guarantee of up to USD345 million equivalent in CNY, including bond proceeds and any accrued but unpaid interest.


AIIB’s Environmental and Social Policy (ESP) including Environmental and Social Exclusion List (ESEL) and Environmental and Social Standards (ESSs) will apply to this Project. The Project has been placed in Category B on the basis that any anticipated environmental and social (E&S) risks and impacts will be localized, temporary and can be mitigated through an environmental and social management plan (ESMP) for transport sector sub-projects and by E&S management system (ESMS) for the Fiber FTTH roll-out program, as well as by the good international practice. The financing structure involves AIIB providing guarantee for a Sovereign Bond issued by GOE, where the use of proceeds will support sub-projects in Egypt managed by National Authority for Tunnel (NAT), a government agency under Ministry of Transportation (MOT) and Egypt Telecom, a State-Owned Enterprise under Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT).

Based on the preliminary bond assets, all transportation sub-projects are rehabilitation in nature and have been prepared and implemented using Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) Environment and Social (E&S) standards. For the digital FTTH roll-out program, potential negative E&S risks will be limited to temporary earth work on cable laying and minor and temporary disruption for community, which will be managed by ESMS developed by Telecom Egypt as part of its own Integrated Management System (IMS). The ESMS has been developed in compliance to ISO 9001, ISO 45001, ISO 14001 and in reference to IFC Performance Standards.

Activities included in AIIB’s ESEL and Category A sub-projects will not be eligible for financing. This project will not finance thermal coal mining, coal-fired power and heating plants or projects that are functionally related to coal. Projects functionally related to coal means associated facilities that are dedicated to enable the mining and use of coal or projects that would not be carried out without dedicated coal-based power supply.

The Bond will follow the disclosed Sovereign Sustainable Finance Framework (SSFF) and disclose an Annual Allocation and Impact report to investors. For all the transportation sub-projects, the necessary E&S instruments including ESIA and ESMP have already been prepared and disclosed on the MDBs’ websites for Alexandria Raml Tram, Cairo Metro line 1 rehabilitation, and Cairo metro Line 2 rehabilitation. Information about the MCIT subproject, including the E&S aspects, has been disclosed by Egypt Telecom in Arabic.

Project progress and performance will be monitored based on the project results indicators, including E&S performance. MOF assumes the responsibility for Project monitoring and reporting and will liaise with their underwriter (BoC) to consolidate the required information for semi-annual progress reports, which will be shared with AIIB based on agreed format. AIIB will conduct post-reviews of the selection and implementation of sub-projects including site visit as part of its regular supervision.

MOF has disclosed its External Communications Mechanism (ECM), as project-level grievance redress mechanism (GRM) to register complaints and feedback. For transportation sub-projects, GRM has been established at  National Authority of Tunnel for Alexandria Tram and Caro Metro, and will be established at the project site for the community and construction workers. For the digital sub-project, Egypt Telecom has also established multiple channels to receive GRM regarding daily operations. The information of ECM and established subproject level GRMs as well as AIIB’s project-affected peoples Mechanism (PPM) in local language will be timely disclosed to related stakeholders in an appropriate manner.


Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

Ming Hao

Investment Officer


African Development Bank

Hachem Rajhi

Investment Officer


Mae Abdel

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