To prevent, detect and respond to the threat posed by COVID-19 and to strengthen national systems for public health preparedness in Indonesia.
The proposed program to be supported under the COVID-19 Crisis Recovery Facility (the Facility) is being co-financed with the World Bank (WB) and has been designed in accordance with the WB’s Policy on Program for Results (PforR). The adoption of PforR design will facilitate a rapid response to the current health emergency.
The program aims to focus on three results areas:
This Program will be co-financed with the WB as lead co-financier, and its environmental and social (ES) risks and impacts have been assessed in accordance with the WB’s Policy on Program-for-Results Financing (PforR Policy). AIIB’s Environmental and Social Policy (ESP) was designed to apply to investment projects and has no provisions for its application to PforR operations. Therefore, as permitted by a decision of the AIIB’s Board of Directors, the WB’s PforR Policy will apply to this operation in lieu of AIIB’s ESP. This will ensure a harmonized approach to addressing the ES risks and impacts of the Program.
The WB has categorized the ES risks of this Program as “Substantial” (which is similar to Category B if AIIB’s ESP were applicable). As required under the WB’s PforR Policy, the program excludes activities that are likely to have significant adverse ES impacts that are sensitive, irreversible, or unprecedented (similar to Category A if AIIB’s ESP were applicable).
An Environmental and Social Systems Assessment (ESSA), which involves assessing the country’s systems for managing ES risks and impacts of the proposed Program, has been conducted by the WB in accordance with its PforR Policy. The ESSA is complemented by Environmental and Social Program Plans, which form a part of the Program Action Plan (PAP), at the operational level. The country systems applicable to the Program were reviewed to ascertain their adequacy to manage ES risks and impacts as identified during the ESSA. The country’s legislation related to ES safeguards for the Program was found to be adequate. Consequently, the country’s ES management system, based on the ESSA, will be applied to the Program given that the ES risks and impacts are limited in their scope and can be successfully managed by known and tested measures.
Risk areas of concern include medical waste and wastewater; Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) for medical workers; community health and safety related to the handling of medical waste; transportation, treatment and isolation of people with confirmed COVID-19 and/or people who may have COVID-19; poor consent processes; communication and outreach; and privacy concerns due to mass surveillance. However, the Program is expected overall to have mostly positive ES impacts, insofar as it should improve COVID-19 surveillance, monitoring, case management and containment, thereby preventing a wider spread of the disease. In the longer run, the Program also seeks to promote further reform in Indonesia’s health system and enhance its resilience and preparedness for future pandemics.
The ESSA has been disclosed on the WB’s website (http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/290721589508650794/pdf/Final-Environmental-and-Social-Systems-Assessment-ESSA-Indonesia-Emergency-Response-to-COVID19-P173843.pdf).
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
Senior Investment Operations Specialist
Senior Health Specialist
Scenaider C.H. Siahaan
Director of Loans and Grants, Ministry of Finance
Bayu Teja Muliawan
Head of Bureau of Planning and Budgeting