To provide a new freight and passenger railway line improving regional connectivity and reducing congestion in Delhi National Capital Region (NCR).
A 144km, 14-station electrified dual-track railway line with an annual capacity of 60 million tons of freight and 8 million passengers.
The Project components to be financed by AIIB are:
Component 1: General Consultant (GC)/ Project Management Consultant (PMC)
Component 2: Civil Works including tunnel, bridges, embankment, stations and the land acquisition
Component 3: Track works
Component 4: Railway systems including Electrification works, Signalling and Telecommunication (S&T) works
The Bank’s Environmental and Social Policy (ESP), and the associated Environment and Social Standards (ESSs) namely, ESS 1: Environmental and Social Assessment and Management; ESS 2: Involuntary Resettlement; and the Environmental and Social Exclusion List will apply to this Project. The potential impacts and risks of the Project are expected to be substantial due to land acquisition, potential physical and economic displacements of landowners and encroachers, and disturbance to communities. The Project has been assigned Category “A,” in accordance with the ESP. An Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) and Social Impact Assessment (SIA) will be prepared by HORC for the whole length of the rail corridor including associated facilities. Consultations with project affected persons, local community, and other stakeholders will be undertaken during project preparation. Continued consultations will be carried out during implementation, monitoring and evaluation phase. The ESIA report (in English) along with Executive Summary (in both English & Hindi) will be posted on HRIDC’s and AIIB’s websites before appraisal. Project-level Grievance Redress Mechanisms (GRMs) in accordance with the requirements of the Bank’s ESP for Project-affected people (PAP) and other stakeholders will be developed and implemented.
Environment Aspects. The proposed alignment will align in the most part, with the existing, Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) Expressway corridor. The Sultanpur National Park, which is a notified protected area, is within 3 km of the corridor. Potential impact on biodiversity will be assessed in the ESIA. Noise impacts to receptors along the alignments are anticipated during both construction and operations phase. Other negative impacts of the Project during the construction phase will be temporary and reversible e.g. solid waste disposal, water use and potential water contamination, air pollution, impacts on borrow areas, occupational and community health and safety, and disturbance to communities and public utilities. HORC will ensure the integration of Environmental, Social, Health and Safety requirements in all tender documents and supervise the preparation and implementation of site-specific ESMP/s by contractors.
Social Aspects. The Project will utilize the land earmarked for HORC in the Master Plan for the NCR area. The Project alignment will broadly be on a greenfield alignment (traversing mostly through agricultural lands) mostly along the KMP Expressway and passing through 67 villages. The Project will require approximately 656 hectares of land, of which 558 hectares are private lands to be acquired and 98 hectares belonging to different government agencies. The acquisition of 558 hectares is expected to entail physical and economic displacement (loss of land, loss of structure, loss of livelihood, and others). AIIB has discussed with HRIDC the need to prepare an ESIA, SIA, and Resettlement Plan (and a Livelihood Restoration Plan, if required) aligned with the requirements of AIIB’s ESS1 and ESS 2. For the lands acquired earlier by the other government agencies, a land audit will be undertaken to assess the land acquisition process and its compliance with relevant national laws and ESP and recommend actions to close out any gaps or legacy issues. As part of the preparation of the ESIA, SIA, RP (and livelihood restoration plan) and any other needed additional studies, associated consultation and disclosure processes will be undertaken. Gender risks and opportunities during construction and operation of the project will be considered in the ES due diligence. ES risk and impact mitigation measures and gender-related opportunities will be reflected in the ESMP.
Senior Investment Operations Specialist
Prasanna V. Salian
Department of Economic Affairs
Ministry of Finance
Ravi Kumar Gupta
Haryana Rail Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd