Lao PDR: Thanaleng Dry Port


Category B


USD10 million


November 2, 2022


The objective of the Project is to promote cross-border trade of Lao PDR with its neighboring countries such as Thailand and China.


The project involves financing of development, construction and equipment cost of the Thanaleng Dry Port (dry port) being developed by the Thanaleng Dry Port Sole Co. Ltd. (TDP Co. or the Project Company), in Vientiane, Lao PDR (Project). The Project is an integral part of the Lao PDR government’s efforts to transform the land-locked country into a land-linked country. The dry port is strategically located within one km from the Lao PDR-Thailand Friendship Bridge over the Mekong River, the main cross-border trade point between Lao PDR and Thailand and serves as an international border checkpoint and cargo terminal. It is next to the terminus of the Lao PDR-China railway line which has been operational since December 2021. The Project will facilitate trade flows between; (i) China-Lao PDR bilateral trade, (ii) Thailand-Lao PDR bilateral trade and (iii) China-Thailand (via. Lao PDR) transit trade. The Project is expected to offer access to advanced logistics services including multimodality, trans-shipment and value-added services with potential cost and time savings. The Project has been partially operational since December 2021 and is expected to be fully operational by the end of 2022.

The Project is developed by Sitthi Logistics (Sponsor), part of the Phongsavanh Group, a diversified Laotian business conglomerate. In July 2020, the Government of Lao PDR awarded a 50-year concession to Vientiane Logistics Park Co. Ltd. (VLP Co.), a special purpose vehicle established by the Sponsor to develop an integrated logistics park in Vientiane, which includes the development of the dry port and a multi-service logistics park. AIIB's proposed financing will be used to finance only the dry port which is being developed by TDP Co., a subsidiary of VLP Co.


The Project’s ES risks, and impacts have been assessed in accordance with IFC’s Environmental and Social Sustainability Policy (ESSP) and related Performance Standards (PS). To provide for a harmonized approach to address the ES risks and impacts of the Project, and as permitted under AIIB’s ESP, IFC’s ESSP and relevant PS will apply to the Project in lieu of AIIB’s ESP including AIIB’s Environmental and Social Exclusion List (ESEL) and the relevant Environmental and Social Standards (ESSs).

The Sponsor has prepared an Environmental Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) per national regulation for project permitting. To bridge the gaps of the ESIA with IFC PS requirements, the Project Company has further prepared supplemental ESIA, Land Review, and Environmental and Social Management and Monitoring Plan (ESMMP), including: the definition of the project area of influence, integrating the baseline studies with biodiversity and ecosystem services, waste and wastewater generation, a socio - economic baseline including land use history and rights, and a review relevant to potential for historical pollution; updating the assessment of adverse impacts and risks and the identification of technically and financially feasible and cost effective measures to manage and mitigate potential impacts; development of a supplemental ES management and monitoring framework to detail monitoring measures and indicators, timeframes for implementation of the planned activities and responsibilities for the management and monitoring measures identified.

The land required for the dry port development is 55 hectares which was acquired through a government-led resettlement process initiated in 2014. The affected people were resettled in 2014-15 prior to the award of the concession by Government of Lao PDR in 2020. Nevertheless, the Sponsor will develop and implement a Supplemental Resettlement Action Plan (SRAP) for the resettlement undertaken both for the dry port and access road to meet compliance with IFC PS5.

As lead co-financier, IFC has also engaged an independent consultant for an Environmental and Social Due Diligence (ESDD) and Labor Audit. The ESDD made recommendations for the implementation of environmental and social plans and actions for the Project Company and this Project. Based on the ESDD, IFC has developed the Project Environmental and Social Review Summary and ESAP, disclosed by IFC on its website, together with project regulatory ESIA, supplemental ESIA, Land Review, and ESMMP: Disclosure - VLP Dry Port (

The Sponsor has developed an HR policy and an employee handbook with its Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM) accessible to the external stakeholders and the workers of EPC contractors. As part of the ESAP, the Sponsor will widely disclose the GRM in an appropriate manner to the surrounding communities and ensure Project-affected Peoples (PAPs) impacted by the land acquisition for the Project will be able to lodge grievances and have them resolved by the Sponsor. The Project team will assess performance of existing GRM during project appraisal.

The Bank’s ES specialist will review prepared ES instrument and documentation as well as the performance assessment of existing GRM and follow up with the Sponsor on the ESAP implementation and additional ESAP, if needed. The Project Team will discuss with IFC and the Sponsor on the monitoring and supervision arrangement of the Project.


Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

Prakash Bajoria

Senior Investment Officer


Thanaleng Dry Port Sole Co. Ltd.

Mark Luvant

Project Finance Director

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