The objective is to mobilize private capital into infrastructure investments with exposure to the Asia-Pacific region including AIIB’s members via a fund with a market risk adjusted return.
The Keppel Asia Infrastructure Fund is a closed-end infrastructure private equity fund. The Fund will leverage on Keppel Group’s (i) infrastructure track record and regional network; (ii) project development and asset management capabilities; (iii) fund management experience; and (iv) investor network to invest growth and expansion capital into infrastructure projects in Asia. The Fund achieved its final closing with USD666.9 million of committed capital on November 28, 2021. AIIB’s commitment to the Fund is USD100 million.
AIIB’s Environmental and Social Policy (ESP) is applicable to this project. The project has been placed in Category FI, because the financing structure involves the provision of funds through a Financial Intermediary (the Fund), whereby AIIB delegates to the Fund Manager the decision-making on the use of AIIB’s funds for investments in subprojects that meet the conditions in the project’s environmental and social (E&S) documentation in the form of eligibility criteria and investment guidelines, and applied through an Environmental, Social and Governance System (ESGS).
The Fund Manager’s ESGS includes screening, categorizing, appraisal, contracting, monitoring and reporting of investments supported by AIIB in accordance with the ESP, the Environmental and Social Exclusion List, regulatory requirements in the jurisdictions of operation and, where applicable, the AIIB Environmental and Social Standards (ESSs). A member of the Fund Manager’s management team is responsible for the oversight of the ESGS, supported by an investment professional and, to the extent required in the E&S documentation, external specialized E&S resources for conducting E&S due diligence on all investment opportunities. The Fund Manager’s staff who are responsible for the oversight of ESGS will undergo training in the implementation of the ESGS.
The Fund Manager applies eligibility criteria for selection of investments to avoid, where feasible, those exposed to significant E&S risks and potential impacts, including: (i) significant adverse impacts to community health and safety as a result of construction/operation of the assets; (ii) significant number of serious injuries and/or fatal accidents during construction and/or operation of the assets; (iii) involuntary resettlement of people; (iv) impacts on critical habitat, indigenous peoples and cultural resources. These sensitive activities are either to be avoided or managed in accordance with AIIB’s ESP and ESSs. Coal mining, coal transportation or coal-fired power plants, as well as infrastructure exclusively dedicated to support any of these activities will be excluded.
For all investments supported by AIIB, the Fund will require the establishment of a subproject-level ESGS in accordance with the ESP and, where applicable, the ESSs, including appropriate processes for timely disclosure of E&S information, conduct of stakeholder engagement activities, and establishment of subproject-level Grievance Redress Mechanisms (GRMs) to address concerns and grievances from both project workers and project-affected people. The Fund Manager will monitor these aspects as part of its subproject monitoring process.
The Fund Manager will periodically disclose on its website the names, locations and sectors of subprojects that are being supported by AIIB’s financing, subject to regulatory constraints and market sensitivities. Furthermore, the Fund Manager has created an External Communication Mechanism (ECM) to address views of affected people who believe they have been or are likely to be adversely affected by the Project or the subproject concerned but their concerns cannot be addressed satisfactorily through subproject-level GRM. Information of ECM and subproject-level GRM and the PPM of AIIB will be disseminated in local language at least to the communities’ surrounding area of subprojects.
AIIB has reviewed and validated the Fund Manager’s ESGS and conducted a prior E&S review of the initial subprojects to be financed using AIIB funds. AIIB will conduct prior review of subprojects presenting significant E&S risk, including all Category A and selected Category B projects determined to have high impact significance in accordance with the agreed ESGS, and receive an annual E&S monitoring report reporting on the E&S performance of all AIIB-supported investments. AIIB will conduct regular monitoring of the Fund’s activities, including site visits to selected subprojects, if required.
Chief Executive Officer (Infrastructure)
Keppel Capital Alternative Asset Pte. Ltd.